Music is a universal language between people. Of course, every nation in the world has its own variety of medium. Folk music has significant significance to cultures from all over the world. Hungary is proud to have a colorful folk music history. Throughout the ages, composers have recorded many pieces of folk music. Keep reading below to learn more about the wonderful world of Hungarian folk music!
What is folk music?
The term folk music and its equivalents in other languages refer to many different types of music; the meaning of the term varies depending on the part of the world, Classand period of history, written British. It is the families who transmitted this traditional genre. Instead of learning it by reading, they learned it by hearing. Through this genre, we can gather information about the daily life and activities of people in the past.
Research on folk music in Hungary
Research into Hungarian folk music began centuries ago with the recording of a folk song. The organized collection of folk songs began in 1896, with Béla Vikár laying the foundation. After him, the composers Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály at the beginning of the 20th century, wrote Sulinet.
The Bartók family made a significant contribution not only in collection but also in classification, research, systematization and practical use. Bartók alone collected about 40,000 folk songs. Today, that number has risen to 300,000, of which 150,000 have written records.
Kodály also made a lasting contribution to music education. The Kodály method, which bears his name, introduced the teaching of folk songs into public education. Many countries around the world use this technique today.
Categorize Hungarian folk songs
Considering the large number of Hungarian folk songs, categorizing them is not an easy task. Fortunately, we have a list of pointers through which we can categorize each piece of music. Here are a few :
The songs are divided into three groups according to their use: casual (wedding, nativity songs), not occasionaland Dance.
Hungarian folk songs are divided into two main groups. The first is the old style:tits includes the old folk songs, dating back to the 1880s. Following this, the new style: characterized by uniformity, in the 19th century this style emerged in the Carpathian Basin.
Attila Péczely collected this old-fashioned Hungarian folk song titled Megrakják to tüzet (Fueling the fire) in Sándorfalva, 1933. It is one of the best-known Hungarian folk songs.
There are four or five distinct regions when it comes to folk music. Keep in mind that within each region one can find even more sub-regional differences! The main regions are: Transdanubian, Upper Hungary, Great Hungarian Plainand transylvanian. The fifth region, Moldovanis sometimes classified under Transylvanian.
If this has piqued your interest in Hungarian folk songs, we recommend you visit this site of the Hungarian Institute of Music. Here you will find a collection of folk songs by region, with a user-friendly interface.
Source: britannica.com, sulinet.hu, zti.hu